Office Tornavida Design Type Concept · Theory Size 110 m² + 122 m² Year 2011‑2018
The formal starting point for this concept is the nineteenth-century dog-run house typology of the Southeastern United States, in which the functions of cooking, dining, and social life are contained in one room while another, which is private, is separated from it by a central breezeway. The reduction of functional considerations to these bones – to essentially a live-in kitchen and a bedroom – is no doubt influenced by notions of simple living, slow food, and shibumi (渋み), if not by solitary stays in a "summer" house along the Aegean in the dead of December when all the accouterments of life were packed away and only the essentials – Nescafé, a bottle of rum, and a warm winter coat – remained.
The separation between the two rooms of the house is deliberate, questioning normative ideas of convenience in architecture and the subtle influence they have over our activity. Like venturing to an outhouse on a brisk autumn night or picking up the newspaper from a driveway in the morning, the walk across the stone dust court to the kitchen to make the coffee or breakfast – whatever the weather – is a conscious commitment to brave the elements – to wake up, as it were … to notice the interplay of silver and gold in the leaves of the olive trees in the low winter sun.
To put it differently …
Gottfried Semper postulates that the primary element of architecture is the hearth, a place of refuge and recovery from "the hunt, the battle, and wandering in the desert," but the converse has since been brought to pass. The outdoors – the garden, the terrace, or the lawn – is now an appendage of architecture, of interior space, and of modern life. It is no longer a place from which one needs retreat but is rather integrated into the retreat. This design is not a reactionary return to the hearth. But it nevertheless compels the occupant to bodily confront this dialectic and the either/or of committed choice – something altogether independent of the "choices" offered by self-professed "flexible" and "responsive" architectures.
In favorable weather, when the accordion doors of the kitchen (as well as the bedroom) are opened, the interiors become merely the enclosed corners – auxiliary, servant spaces – of larger, outdoor living rooms. In the spirit of the Danielson Cottage by Brian MacKay-Lyons, these utilitarian spaces themselves become protective, intimate served spaces into which occupants retreat in winter. In line with Louis Kahn's original formulation of the term, the servant space in winter is contained within the one-meter thick rear wall, into which storage for firewood, a batch box rocket mass heater, a stove, and a seating nook are embedded.
An addition made later in the course of the project is a guest house that can be occupied by invited or paying guests and also accommodates ancillary utility and gardening rooms. It is set back and at an angle in relation to the other two buildings, serving as the background of the composition – a field onto which the leaves of the olive trees are projected.
It's pretenseless form, whitewashed walls, high, vaulted ceilings, and symmetrical plan are influenced by the Aegean vernacular, particularly its agricultural buildings. But this is incidental. The intent is neither to reproduce a style nor to find inspiration in historical or indigenous precedents. The motive is to create modest, coherent spaces that allow some respite from the perpetual motion of consumerism – places that say: "this is enough; you don't have to have anything more." In a way, it is to give a broader architectural form to the vignette on the back cover of Cohen's Songs From a Room.
A traditional dog-run is set perpendicular to the prevailing wind and has a connecting roof, the shape of which creates negative pressure on the leeward side, drawing air through the house and the breezeway by Bernoulli's principle. This design dispensed with the roof (and therefore the form of passive ventilation that accompanied it). Instead, because both interior spaces face the same direction, the building is oriented parallel to the prevailing breezes such that smaller openings on the windward side create a Venturi effect, drawing air through the building when desired.